hafta Brazzers studyolarinda calisip emek sarfeden koca memeli Phoenix Marie izin porno indir gununde de kocasina vermeye karar veriyor Kocasinin da Brazzers icin calistigini unutmus porno video sayilir Kendi yatak odasinda oyle profesyonel bir seks yapiyor ki cekici hatun yine redtube harikalar yaratmis seksi guzel hatun sert erkeklerden ve koca penislerden cok hoslaniyor porno video guzel zenci hatun bu seferde genc bir erkek ile geldigi evde muhabbetin dibine porno vuruyor Zenci kari seksiligi ile adami kendinden ediyor resmen adam kari karsisinda daha fazla dayanamiyor
Log in Register

Login to your account

Password *
Remember Me

Create an account

Fields marked with an asterisk (*) are required.
Password *
Verify password *
Email *
Verify email *
Captcha *
India's Leading Source for Broadcasting & Broadband Information - CableQuest Magazine
HomeArticlesNet Neutrality Battle Continues - TRAI Releases Fresh Consultation Paper on Net Neutrality
Friday, 10 March 2017 05:54

Net Neutrality Battle Continues - TRAI Releases Fresh Consultation Paper on Net Neutrality

email this page

Net neutrality (NN) is gaining a big momentum amongst the Indian net users. Net neutrality or the principle which seeks equal access to all internet content is vital to stop service providers from misusing the internet traffic or structure for their own profits.  There have been multiple consultations on the issue of net neutrality and its related aspects. The ongoing consultation process by the Indian telecom regulator TRAI was initiated pursuant to this reference from the Department of Communication (DoT). The present consultation paper is accordingly being issued in continuation to the Pre-Consultation Paper on Net Neutrality. In view of the complexity of the subject of NN, the Authority decided to undertake a two-stage consultation process.

Issues Raised in Pre-consultation paper on Net Neutrality 

TRAI had, in its pre-consultation paper dated 30th of May 2016, discussed issues such as the definition of NN, scope of traffic management practices, importance of unrestricted access and transparency, need for preserving customer privacy and national security. The pre-consultation paper also highlighted salient points of the recommendations made by DoT's High Level Committee constituted on the same subject in May 2015. In addition to this, the paper listed various regulatory approaches seen worldwide in the treatment of NN issues, with a detailed account of the approach followed in jurisdictions like the United States, the European Union, Australia, Japan and Brazil.

The first stage, of pre-consultation, was an attempt to identify the relevant issues in all the areas on which the DoT had sought TRAI's recommendations. In this next stage, the Authority has considered all the relevant issues identified during the pre-consultation process and the preliminary inputs gathered from stakeholders on those issues. The purpose of this second stage of consultation is to proceed towards the formulation of final views on policy or regulatory interventions, where required, on the subject of NN.

Now, TRAI has released a fresh comprehensive consultation paper on net neutrality seeking comments and advice from all the stakeholders. In this, TRAI stressed on the larger understanding on the issue. It says, “It is important to identify core principles of net neutrality for India and the types of practices that might be regarded as being in violation of these core principles.”

The Authority recognises that the topic of NN has garnered a lot of attention in global policy debates over the last few years. A number of jurisdictions, developed and developing, have seen extensive discussions on various aspects of this subject while considering their approach towards potential discrimination in access to content on the Internet. As a result, we are now in a position where a wealth of information on NN is already available, both in terms of academic literature and stakeholder perspectives. In addition, the Authority has also gathered a lot of pertinent information from stakeholders in India in the course of its consultations. This may prompt some to question whether any additional value will be gained by undertaking further consultations on this subject in India. 

Promoting Ethical Practices

TRAI’s fresh document posted on its website says, “Service providers generally use a range of techniques to manage the safety, security and efficiency for their networks. It is important to ensure that such techniques are not used by providers in a discriminatory manner.” 

According to TRAI, “Given the rapid changes in technology, evolving regulatory/ policy environment and fast developing business models, we need a monitoring mechanism which can remain relevant and appropriate through these changing circumstances.”

Net neutrality activists all over the country appreciated TRAI’s latest effort by releasing a fresh consultation paper with an aim to curb the unethical intentions of the service providers. They believe that hard checks and balances are required to enable all users to have equal access to the net’s content. This time, TRAI has ensured that all the remaining or pending issues have been covered in this latest consultation paper in a very comprehensive manner.

Idea of Equal Access  

The idea of equal or nondiscriminatory treatment of traffic that flows on the Internet resonates in the NN principles adopted by various jurisdictions, although the term itself does not necessary feature in their regulatory instruments. The EU regulations, for instance, “create common rules to safeguard equal and nondiscriminatory treatment of traffic" without expressly using the term NN. Given that key terms such as “equal treatment" are still contested, many have urged against a rigid definition of NN. This was also the view expressed by the DoT Committee in its report, where it stated that “the crux of the matter is that we need not hard code the definition of Net Neutrality but assimilate the core principles of Net Neutrality and shape the actions around them". The Committee suggested the following as guidelines to define these core principles:

1. User rights - Subject to lawful restrictions, the fundamental right to freedom of expression and nondiscriminatory access to the internet will apply.

2. Content - Right to create and to access any legal content, applications or services without any restrictions

3. Devices - Freedom to connect all kinds of devices, which are not harmful, to the network and services

4. Harmful practices - Practices like blocking, throttling and improper (paid or otherwise) prioritization may not be permitted.

Issues for consultation

TRAI posted these issues for which stakeholders have been requested to provide their comments:

Q. 1 How should Internet traffic" and providers of “Internet services" be understood in the NN context?

(a) Should certain types of specialised services, enterprise solutions, Internet of Things, etc be excluded from its scope? How should such terms be defined?

(b) How should services provided by content delivery networks and direct interconnection arrangements be treated?

Q. 2 In the Indian context, which of the following regulatory approaches would be preferable:

(a) Defining what constitutes reasonable TMPs (the broad approach), or

(b) Identifying a negative list of non reasonable TMPs (the narrow approach).

Q.3 If a broad regulatory approach, as suggested in Q2, is to be followed:

(a) What should be regarded as reasonable TMPs?

(b) Whether and how should different categories of traffic be objectively defined from a technical point of view for this purpose?

(c) Should application-specific discrimination within a category of traffic be viewed more strictly than discrimination between categories?

(d) How should preferential treatment of particular content, activated by a user’s choice and without any arrangement between a TSP and content provider, be treated?

Q.4 If a narrow approach, as suggested in Q2, is to be followed what should be regarded as non reasonable TMPs?

Q.5 Should the following be treated as exceptions to any regulation on TMPs?

(a)  Emergency situations and services;

(b)  Restrictions on unlawful content;

(c)  Maintaining security and integrity of the network;

(d)  Services that may be notified in public interest by the Government/Authority, based on certain criteria; or

(e)  Any other services.

Stake holders to send Comments by 22nd March

Now on request from the stakeholders, the last date for receipt of written comments has been extended by TRAI to 15th March, 2017 and counter comments by 22nd March, 2017. The full text is available on the website of Cable Quest www.cablequest.org. For extensive details, visit TRAI’s portal.

email this page

Share this post

Submit to DeliciousSubmit to DiggSubmit to FacebookSubmit to Google PlusSubmit to StumbleuponSubmit to TechnoratiSubmit to TwitterSubmit to LinkedIn
Cable Quest Annual Issue 2018
One 2 BHK Flat Available
Wanted - English Journalist, Excel Operator, Web Marketing
Subscribe to Cable Quest


May 2018
29 30 1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30 31 1 2

Latest News

Magazine Archives Year 2014-2015

  • Cable Quest Magazine Archive - June 2015

    Jun 2015

  • Cable Quest Magazine Archive - May 2015

    May 2015

  • Cable Quest Magazine Archive - April 2015

    Apr 2015

  • Cable Quest Magazine Archive - March 2015

    Mar 2015

  • Cable Quest Magazine Archive - February 2015

    Feb 2015

  • Cable Quest Magazine Archive - January 2015

    Jan 2015

  • Cable Quest Magazine Archive - December 2014

    Dec 2014

  • Cable Quest Magazine Archive - November 2014

    Nov 2014

  • Cable Quest Magazine Archive - October 2014

    Oct 2014

  • Cable Quest Magazine Archive - September 2014

    Sep 2014

  • Cable Quest Magazine Archive - August 2014

    Aug 2014

  • Cable Quest Magazine Archive - July 2014

    Jul 2014

  • Cable Quest Magazine Archive - June 2014

    Jun 2014

  • Cable Quest Magazine Archive - May 2014

    May 2014

  • Cable Quest Magazine Archive - April 2014

    Apr 2014

  • Cable Quest Magazine Archive - March 2014

    Mar 2014

  • Cable Quest Magazine Archive - February 2014

    Feb 2014

  • Cable Quest Magazine Archive - January 2014

    Jan 2014

Do you have a Complaint

World of Spiritual & Divine Thoughts | Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji

hızlı öfkeli 8 izle canlı maç izle hd film izle film izlecanlı maç izle

Right Click

No right click