Quality of Service (QoS) and Quality of Experience (QoE) are two important aspects related to performance of communication services. The QoS is defined as totality of characteristics of a telecommunications service that bear on its ability to satisfy stated and implied needs of the user of the service. The QoE is defined as ‘The overall acceptability of an application or service, as perceived subjectively by the end-user. QoS focuses on network performance parameters and their objective quantification as a set of service parameters whereas QoE focuses on user- perceived effects. Better QoS is expected to result in enhanced QoE.
Broadcasting Industry today has grown to an enormous size in the country. Each Distribution Platform Operator (DPO) retransmits on an average 350 satellite TV channels along with other services that may be unique for that particular operator. Most of the re-transmitted satellite TV channels are common across the operators.
The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) on 4 April released a pre-consultation paper on Set-Top-Bop Box Interoperability in Broadcasting TV services. This is not the first time it is being done. Although DTH guidelines mandate technical interoperability, TRAI has failed to get it implemented.
IP based interconnection is essential for Telecom as well as cable operators since the future of all converged services lies in IP. All services are migrating to IP networks to meet the demand of OTT, video streaming and other e-services. Many MSOs are today applying for universal service licence which allow them to provide all last mile services including Broadband and Cable TV, getting connected with more than one backend network and many Telcos are going for the MSO licence to provide triple play digital services. This means they need a seemless IP interface.
The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) on Friday, January 29, has issued a consultation paper on tariff issues related to TV services. This has been done in view of new trends in content distribution like OTT, online streaming, IPTV, DTH and cable TV etc. Written comments from stakeholders are required by March 4, 2016 and counter-comments by March 18, 2016.
Although DAS was mandated in consumer interest for implementation by a private industry comprising of Broadcasters, MSOs, LCOs and Consumers, investing a huge amount without any support from the government, even the Regulations framed for addressable systems have not created an eco-system benefitting the consumers and encouraging the growth of all stakeholders.
The Open House Discussion (OHD) on commercial tariffs held on 18 August at PHD Chambers of Commerce at Delhi, became a battleground between broadcasters and distribution platform, with broadcasters demanding more revenue from commercial establishment and distribution companies wanting no distinction between commercial and domestic subscribers.
After a youth from Bareilly had been arrested and sent to the judicial custody for 14 day for making his voice loud against the senior Samajwadi party leader, Azam Khan on Facebook, the Supreme Court of India gave a landmark decision regarding Section 66A on 24th March 2015. The law was used to arrest people for sharing offensive content and views on social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter,etc. Explaining the section as “open ended, undefined, and vague”, the apex body termed Section 66A of Information Technology Act as ‘unconstitutional’. It also added that every expression used in it is “nebulous in meaning”. It is cast so widely that almost any opinion on any subject can be clubbed under it. However, after protests by free speech campaigners and others for almost three years, a bench comprising Justices J. Chelameswar and Rohinton F. Nariman declared section 66A of the Information Technology (IT) Act, to be illegal.
Telecom Disputes Settlement and Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT) on 28 April, set aside the TRAI 27.5 per cent inflation-linked tariff hike for non-addressable systems and asked broadcasters to maintain a separate account for the additional subscription amount that they have collected from distribution platforms as a result of the tariff hike.
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