As per information given to the media, the new index will provide info on the condition of the underlying digital infrastructure and related factors at the State & UT level. Such an exercise will provide useful insights into strategic choices made by States for investment allocations in ICT programmes. In the spirit of competitive federalism, the index will encourage states to cross learn and jointly participate in achieving the overall objective of digital inclusion and development in India.
Through this initiative, the government will have a better understanding of a state’s strengths and weaknesses that can feed into evidence-based policymaking. The methodology developed as a part of this research will be adapted and used on an annual basis for systematic evaluation of state-performance on metrics set out as the goals for 2022 under the new policy. As a result, ranking and understanding State & UT performance over time will be an important part of the exercise.
The index will have two parts. Part I will focus on infrastructure development based on the measurement of nine parameters. These are provided in the Table below. Part II consists of demand-side parameters which will be captured through primary surveys. It will include indicators such as percentage of households using computers/ laptops with internet connection, percentage of households with a fixed broadband connection, internet users as a percentage of the population, smartphones density, percentage of households with at least one digitally literate member, etc. The primary survey will be conducted annually until 2022.
This is a collaborative exercise with stakeholders including State governments and industry associations like the Tower and Infrastructure Providers Association (TAIPA), the Internet Service Providers Association of India (ISPAI) and the Cellular Operators Association of India (COAI). This will be a first of its kind exercise that will comprehensively measure the development of telecom infrastructure at the sub-national level.