According to industry experts, the clause around automated tools to ‘actively’ monitor content had been a long-standing demand of the home ministry and were included in the draft guidelines which were released in December last year. However, this clause has been strongly opposed by global tech giants and civil society members who have said this could raise concerns around ‘censorship’, thus curbing freedom of expression and would require them to reengineer their products.
A senior official said: “Instead, the final rules could ask the social media platforms to develop mechanisms using AI (artificial intelligence) to find out accounts transmitting illegal, inflammatory or any content which could disturb law and order or threat to national security, and then take them down.”
He added that the tools could resemble the ones currently used by WhatsApp to tackle child pornography on its platform.
Many social media platforms are using technologies to monitor the information flow. According to WhatsApp, it was already using AI tools to identify several accounts which shared child pornography on the platform. The company earlier this year said it had removed close to 1,30,000 accounts in just 10 days through the AI tools, without decrypting any messages.